Snoring is mainly perceived as a noise disturbance, especially for the partner, but can hide other, more serious conditions such as sleep apnea. It is estimated that about 30% of the population suffers from snoring. Around the age of 40, 60% of men and 40% of women. In the most extreme cases snoring can reach 100 dB, which can seriously disturb the sleep of the partner but also of the snorer himself.
Sleep apnea syndrome is characterized by respiratory stops during sleep, the duration and frequency of which vary from one individual to another. Again, the partner will notice it first, the symptoms for the "sleeper" will be more pernicious. Initially, signs of fatigue, drowsiness, difficulty concentrating, memory problems, decreased libido will appear and, if apneas are not treated, heart problems, high blood pressure, depression. Other illnesses may be worsened without adequate treatment.
If all apneic snore, not all snorers suffer from apnea. It is currently considered that about 5% of the population is apneic, yet too few are still detected and treated properly.
In order to diagnose a sleep apnea syndrome, a sleep examination or polysomnography is performed. The severity of the sleep apnea syndrome is expressed by means of a HPAI (Hypopnea Apnea Index).
Mild = 5 < HPAI < 15 per hour
Moderate = 15 < AHI < 30 per hour
Severe = AHI > 30 per hour
C’est un appareil qui envoie un flux d’air en continu, via un masque, libérant ainsi le passage des voies respiratoires et supprimant tout risque d’apnées et de ronflements.
Symptoms of sleep apnea syndrome:
Sleep apnea is not especially distinguished by specific symptoms, however, here are the ones to be aware of: Partner's testimony, breathing stops during sleep, snoring, daytime sleepiness, obesity, dry mouth in the morning, headaches.
Tobacco, alcohol, and medication must be taken into account as disadvantages as well as chronic diseases.
Main causes of snoring and sleep apnea:
The weakening of the muscle tone of the throat and the retraction of the back of the tongue decrease the air passage opening during sleep causing turbulence which leads to the vibration of the flexible area of the palate and pharynx, the source of snoring and noise pollution.
Sleep apnea is an evolution towards a more severe obstruction of the air passage, characterized by breathing pauses of variable intensity. This justifies a medical consultation.
Factors aggravating snoring :
Drinking alcohol in the evening
Sleeping pills and tranquilizers
Sleep on your back
Dry nasal mucous membranes
Nasal septum deviation
Mandibular advancement splints:
It is a mouth device, similar to the dental protections, which slightly advances the lower jaw, allowing free air circulation at the pharynx and thus eliminating snoring.
It is a pillow specially designed so that the sleeper is positioned on the side avoiding that the bottom of the tongue falls into the throat and causes snoring.